At A Glance
Commissioned for the Ellen Phillips Samuel Memorial
The figure represents the scientific impulse that has spurred America’s intellectual and technological development
To balance the spiritual and emotional energies of The Preacher and The Poet, the Fairmount Park Art Association’s (now the Association for Public Art) Samuel Memorial committee commissioned a figure to represent the scientific impulse that has spurred America’s intellectual and technological development. The sculptor Koren der Harootian, was a native of Armenia who had escaped the turmoil of the Near East and the Russian Revolution. Two decades after completing The Scientist, der Harootian created Meher, a sculpture of a legendary Armenian folk hero; this work was installed at the west entrance driveway of the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
The North Terrace of the Ellen Phillips Samuel Memorial
The development of the North Terrace inaugurated the final stage of the Samual Memorial. Here the intention was to express not historical periods or movements but rather the “inner energies” that shaped the nation. Two major bronze groups were to represent “social consciousness” and “constructive enterprise,” and the commissions were offered to Jacob Epstein and Jacque Lipchitz. As Epstein and Lipchitz progressed, it became apparent that their two massive monuments would not fit comfortably in the same terrace. Thus, Epstein’s Social Consciousness was installed at the west entrance of the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Lipchitz’s The Spirit of Enterprise served as the centerpiece of the North Terrace until, in 1986, it was moved to the Central Terrace.
Sculptures in the North Terrace:
- The Preacher, Waldemar Raemisch
- The Poet, José de Creeft
- The Scientist, Koren der Harootian
- The Laborer, Ahron Ben-Shmuel
- Titles Unknown: Eye and Hand, J. Wallace Kelly
Adapted from Public Art in Philadelphia by Penny Balkin Bach (Temple University Press, Philadelphia, 1992).
Voices heard in the Museum Without Walls: AUDIO program: Penny Balkin Bach is the former Executive Director & Chief Curator of the Association for Public Art and the author of many books and articles about Philadelphia’s public art. Kathleen A. Foster is Robert L. McNeil, Jr., Senior Curator of American Art and Director of the Center for American Art at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Michael Taylor is the former Muriel and Philip Berman Curator of Modern Art at the Philadelphia Museum of Art and the author of Jacques Lipchitz and Philadelphia. | Segment Producer: Amanda Aronczyk and Ave Carrillo
Museum Without Walls: AUDIO is the Association for Public Art’s award-winning audio program for Philadelphia’s outdoor sculpture. Available for free by phone, mobile app, or online, the program features more than 150 voices from all walks of life – artists, educators, civic leaders, historians, and those with personal connections to the artworks.