Stone Age in America (1887)

by John J. Boyle (1851 - 1917)

Photo Caption: Photo Caitlin Martin © 2010 for the Association for Public Art
South of the Ellen Phillips Samuel Memorial, Kelly Drive north of Boathouse Row
1887

  • Title

    Stone Age in America

  • Artist

    John J. Boyle (1851 - 1917)

  • Year

    1887; installed 1888; relocated 1985

  • Medium

    Bronze, on granite base

  • Dimensions

    Height 7’6″ (base 4’2″)

  • Themes

    Native American Themes

Commissioned by the Fairmount Park Art Association (now the Association for Public Art)

Owned by the City of Philadelphia


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At A Glance

  • Part of the Museum Without Walls™: AUDIO program

  • Captures a Native American protecting her children from a bear whose cub lies dead at her feet

  • Boyle was praised as one of the first sculptors to authentically represent Native Americans

  • Was installed near Sweetbriar Mansion, but relocated in 1985 to a site near the Ellen Phillips Samuel Memorial

John J. Boyle received his first major commission in 1880 – a request from a Chicago patron for a group of American Indian figures. An American Indian Family was exhibited in his studio in Philadelphia before being shipped to Chicago, and it came to the attention of the Fairmount Park Art Association (now the Association for Public Art). The Association confirmed its interest in acquiring an American Indian grouping for Fairmount Park and resolved in 1883 to give Boyle a commission.

You have to look at her threats being governmental and military. The least of her worries would be a bear.

The resulting sculpture, Stone Age in America, received considerable local and national attention. Upon its arrival from France, it was shown at the American Art Association exhibition in New York City. When it arrived in Philadelphia in 1888, it was exhibited at the Haseltine and Company gallery by consent of the Association. It also stood temporarily outside the post office at 9th and Chestnut Streets until it was installed near Sweetbriar Mansion in West Fairmount Park. At the artist’s request, the sculpture was sent to Chicago for exhibition at the World’s Columbian Exposition in 1893, and then it returned to the Sweetbriar Mansion area until 1985, when it was relocated to a grassy plot just south of the Ellen Phillips Samuel Memorial. At its current site, Stone Age in America takes its place with other sculpture “emblematic” of American history.

Photo © Caitlin Martin for the Association for Public Art

Notably, the sculpture was created the same year as the Dawes Act or General Allotment Act of 1887. The law authorized the U.S. government to confiscate reservation lands and divide them into individual allotments, which was “instrumental in breaking up Native American reservations in this country,” says Hachivi Edgar Heap of Birds, artist and professor of Native American Studies at the University of Oklahoma. He notes that if you look closely at Stone Age in America, “you’ll see a bear cub at the Native American woman’s foot, but in effect, you have to look at her threats being governmental and military. The least of her worries would be a bear.” Hear more from Hachivi Edgar Heap of Birds in our Museum Without Walls™: AUDIO program about the sculpture.

Other works in Philadelphia by John J. Boyle include John Christian Bullitt outside of City Hall, and the seated Benjamin Franklin on the University of Pennsylvania’s campus.

Adapted from Public Art in Philadelphia by Penny Balkin Bach (Temple University Press, Philadelphia, 1992).

 

RESOURCES

Voices heard in the program:

Hachivi Edgar Heap of Birds is an artist and professor of Native American Studies at the University of Oklahoma.

Kate Brockman is a sculptor who teaches at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.

Dr. Evan Turner is the former Director of the Philadelphia Museum of Art.

Segment Producer: Amanda Aronczyk

Music on Stone Age in America
“Quartet No. 14 in G Major, Spring, K. 387”
Written by: Mozart
Performed by: Borromeo String Quartet
Courtesy: Borromeo String Quartet

“Waltz des Gauchers (with Les Gauchers Orchestra)”
Performed by: Les Gauchers Orchestra
Written by Lee Maddeford
Courtesy: Lee Maddeford

A program of the Association for Public Art (formerly the Fairmount Park Art Association), Museum Without Walls™: AUDIO is an innovative and accessible outdoor sculpture audio program for Philadelphia’s preeminent collection of public art.

User calls Museum Without Walls Audio for Robert Indiana's LOVE sculpture
Photo Albert Yee © 2010 for the Association for Public Art

A “multi-platform” interactive audio experience – available for free by cell phone, mobile app, or on our website – Museum Without Walls™: AUDIO offers the unique histories that are not typically expressed on outdoor permanent signage.

Unlike audio tours that have a single authoritative guide or narrator, each speaker featured in Museum Without Walls™: AUDIO is an “authentic voice” – someone who is connected to the sculpture by knowledge, experience, or affiliation.

Over 150 unique voices are featured, including artists, educators, scientists, writers, curators, civic leaders, and historians.

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This artwork is part of the Along Kelly Drive tour

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