Major General John Fulton Reynolds (1883)

by John Rogers (1829 - 1904)

Photo Caption: Photo Caitlin Martin © 2012 for the Association for Public Art
City Hall, North Plaza (John F. Kennedy Boulevard and N Broad Street)
1883

  • Title

    Major General John Fulton Reynolds

  • Artist

    John Rogers (1829 - 1904)

  • Year

    1883; installed 1884

  • Medium

    Bronze, on granite base

  • Dimensions

    Height 12′, width 5', depth 10' (base height 10′, 6', depth 11'

  • Themes

    The Civil War, Equestrian Sculpture, Military Generals

Commissioned by the Reynolds Monument Association and Grand Army of the Republic

Owned by the City of Philadelphia


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At A Glance

  • Part of the Museum Without Walls™: AUDIO program

  • Philadelphia philanthropist offered $25,000 toward a sculpture to commemorate General Reynolds

  • First large-scale sculpture by artist John Rogers

Rogers had never produced a sculpture of this scale before, and initially hesitated

Over eighteen years after Major General John Fulton Reynolds was killed by a sharpshooter’s bullet in Gettysburg in 1863, Joseph Temple of Philadelphia offered $25,000 toward a sculpture to commemorate the fallen Pennsylvanian and the state’s participation in the Civil War.

Major General John Fulton Reynolds by artist John Rogers
Photo Caitlin Martin © 2013 for the Association for Public Art

The artist chosen was John Rogers, who was known for his parlor sculptures, popularly known as “convention groupings.” Rogers had never produced a sculpture of this scale before, and initially hesitated. He ultimately took on the project, and began studying the anatomy of horses and collecting information about the general. He aimed to “represent General Reynolds in front of the battlefield as he was on the first day of Gettysburg. The horse is startled and shying away from the noise and danger in the direction he is looking, while the General is pointing to the same spot and giving the direction to his aides at his side.”

Adapted from Public Art in Philadelphia by Penny Balkin Bach (Temple University Press, Philadelphia, 1992).

RESOURCES:

Museum Without Walls logo: a program of the Association for Public Art

 

Voices heard in the program:

Gregory Urwin is a professor of history at Temple University. He has a longstanding interest in military history, especially the Civil War.

Lynn D. Marsden-Atlass is the Director of the Arthur Ross Gallery at the University of Pennsylvania. She is a specialist in American and contemporary art.

Segment Producer: John Myers

A program of the Association for Public Art (formerly the Fairmount Park Art Association), Museum Without Walls™: AUDIO is an innovative and accessible outdoor sculpture audio program for Philadelphia’s preeminent collection of public art.

User calls Museum Without Walls Audio for Robert Indiana's LOVE sculpture
Photo Albert Yee © 2010 for the Association for Public Art

A “multi-platform” interactive audio experience – available for free by cell phone, mobile app, audio download, or on the web – Museum Without Walls™: AUDIO offers the unique histories that are not typically expressed on outdoor permanent signage.

Unlike audio tours that have a single authoritative guide or narrator, each speaker featured in Museum Without Walls™: AUDIO is an “authentic voice” – someone who is connected to the sculpture by knowledge, experience, or affiliation. Over 150 unique voices are featured, including artists, educators, scientists, writers, curators, civic leaders, and historians.

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This artwork is part of the Around City Hall tour

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